Seal of the House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is one of two chambers, the other being the United States Senate, in the United States Congress. The House of Representatives is led by the Speaker of the House. The current holder of the office is Representative John Boehner, a Republican of Ohio. The Republican Party is the majority and controlling party.

The exclusive powers granted to the House of Representatives in Article One of the United States Constitution include initiating revenue legislation, impeaching elected officials, and electing the President of the United States in the event that the Electoral College result in a deadlock.

The primary function of the House of Representatives is to pass national legislation; bills that pass the House must also pass the Senate and be signed by the President in order to become a law. The number of representatives each state has in the House is proportional to its population, but each state has at least one representative out of a fixed total of 435 representatives.


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